This course will enhance the knowledge and skill of the veterinarians with recent updates through continuing education enabling them to implement appropriate treatment protocols and control of production disorders for the cattle at the field level thereby enhancing the livelihood and increasing the economy of farmers. Metabolic disorder or production disorder is most common disease entities in lactating dairy animals which leads to severe economic losses in terms of reduction in milk yield and impaired reproductive performance. Dairy production is challenged by the fact that 30 – 50 per cent of dairy cows are affected by one or more forms of metabolic or infectious disease at the time of calving. In cattle, metabolic diseases include Ketosis, Milk fever, Downer cow syndrome, Hypomagnesaemia, Post-parturient haemoglobinuria and Mastitis. These metabolic disease conditions are multifactorial and commonly occur due to high physiological stress or demand for nutrients with late pregnancy and early lactation being key period. Milk fever has been associated with threefold increase in risk of dystocia, uterine prolapse, retained fetal membranes, metritis, abomasal displacement and a nearly ninefold increase in clinical ketosis and Mastitis.
This course will benefit veterinarians to enrich knowledge and skill on sub-clinical and clinical form of metabolic disorders and measures for early diagnosis and management in cattle and small ruminants. This in turn will help to increase the economy of the farmers by saving the life of the animals, preventing the death of cattle from the diseases and by sustaining animal production / productivity.